‘Starting in your backyard is very important, and hopefully that will have a ripple effect throughout the nation,’ Rappler Cebu bureau coordinator Ryan Macasero says in a Newsbreak Chats episode
MANILA, Philippines – Ending political dynasties in the Philippines where their existence has long been entrenched may not be a walk in the park, but it can be done by starting in one’s own backyard.
Ryan Macasero, Rappler’s Cebu bureau coordinator, said that people’s takeaway from the campaign for the 2022 elections is that “if we work hard at it, it’s possible,” especially if you start in your own communities and barangays where “little dynasties” exist.
“Having a good leadership in the barangays is also important in order for the city to progress,” he said in a Newsbreak episode aired on Thursday, March 31.
“Starting in your backyard is very important, and hopefully that will have a ripple effect throughout the nation,” Macasero added.
The episode, hosted by Rappler investigative editor Miriam Grace Go, tackled influential political clans and their role in the 2022 elections, especially as presidential candidates deal with them as they court voters across the Philippines.
Political dynasties have long been an issue in the country and they keep on expanding every elections. In fact, a study by the Ateneo School of Government found that dynasties increased by 1% or 170 positions per election period from 1988 to 2019.
What’s new for 2022 elections? Inday Espina-Varona, Rappler’s head of regions, said that influence clans usually fight but now there is a sense of alliance seen. This can spell doom for their constituents.
“Kapag nagkaka-isa ang mga malalaking pamilya, ang mga higante, malamang yan after elections, ang pasanan ng taumbayan ay mas malala (When big political families unite, citizens will surely be heavily burdened after the elections),” she said.
Lead by example
Some declarations of support, especially those for Vice President Leni Robredo, came as a surprise for many, given the past six years under President Rodrigo Duterte. Still, whoever wins the presidency, most of the political dynasties will continue to be entrenched.
It doesn’t help that many national candidates are from political dynasties themselves. A look at the roster of presidential and vice presidential candidates also show that at least four: Ferdinand Marcos Jr., Manny Pacquiao, Sara Duterte, and Vicente Sotto III.
Some senatorial candidates, meanwhile, also come from influential political clans.
Political dynasties are prohibited by the 1987 Philippine Constitution, but Congress has yet to pass a law that will implement the provision.
“How can we have an enabling when the political dynasties control Congress?” Varona said. “They’re adding more and more numbers there.”
Rappler’s Mindanao bureau coordinator Herbie Gomez said that ending political dynasties, an “exploitation of… a flaw of democracy,” needs strong political will from a president who will lead by example.
“[But] when people see their leader having a dynasty, you will see local dynasties in the provinces,” he said. “Malaking influence ang presidente (a president can heavily influence), on legislation especially.”
Open up governance
In many places, political dynasties exist because they remain unopposed. Aside from their strong hold on their localities, the vast resources needed to mount a campaign serve as a hindrance for any unaffiliated person who wants to run for office.
This should not be the case. According to Varona, making elective posts accessible to more people not belonging to political dynasties entails shedding the perceived exclusivity of governance.
“When [leaders] to channel not only aid, but learned also they’ve learned to bring in people into governance, sa tingin ko lalawak iyan (I think it will expand),” she said.
“But if there is a leader that breaks this open, and then says that people in the communities, because we have existing structure that allow them to participate… pwedeng makita ng tao na kakayanin pala natin, tayo na rin (People can see that they can also do it),” Varona added.