Duterte completes liberal economic agenda

1st UPDATE. President Rodrigo Duterte signs into law the amendments of the Public Service Act, allowing foreigners to own 100% of telecommunication, airline, and railway companies

MANILA, Philippines – President Rodrigo Duterte solidified his economic managers’ liberal agenda of further opening up the Philippine economy to foreigners without amending the Constitution.

Duterte on Monday, March 21, signed the law amending the Public Service Act, allowing foreigners to fully own telecommunications, shipping, airlines, railway, toll roads, and transport vehicle network companies. Previously, these industries had a 40% cap on foreign equity, as they were considered “public utility.”

Companies involved in power, water, and petroleum pipelines, public utility vehicles, and seaports continue to have foreign equity restrictions and are considered public utilities.

The economic team has pushed aggressively for amending the 85-year-old Commonwealth Act 146, noting that the law would make the country more competitive amid the economic downturn due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Socioeconomic Planning Secretary Karl Chua earlier said that foreign investors “react favorably to a more liberalized regime.”

Critics and opposition lawmakers attempted to block the amendments, as a more liberal regime would open up the country to foreign abuse and security threats. Lawmakers who pushed for the measure said that there are safeguards in place in the amendments.

The amendments in the Public Service Act complements other laws which effectively minimized protectionist and nationalist measures.

Last January, Duterte amended the Retail Trade Liberalization Act, which reduced the required capital for foreign retailers to P25 million from around P125 million.

Earlier this March, Duterte signed the amendments of the Foreign Investments Act, allowing foreigners to fully own businesses, including small and medium enterprises, except for sensitive industries like defense.

Lauded

The American Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines (AmCham) applauded Duterte’s signing of the amendment, noting that it would “match policies that Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam already have in place.”

“AmCham is confident that its signing, along with other recent investment liberalization bills – the Retail Trade Liberalization Act and the Foreign Investments Act – will significantly help the Philippines compete with its regional neighbors in bringing in investments to the Philippines. It will also be extremely helpful to the long-run recovery of the economy after the pandemic.”

Meanwhile, the Foundation for Economic Freedom (FEF) said that the law will bring “huge benefits for business and individual consumers alike, with the entry of more investors in the telecommunications and transport industries offering a wider choice at different price points.”

FEF likewise emphasized that the amendment has provisions to protect the Philippines from cyber threats and domination of foreign interests. These include vetting of potential investments in critical infrastructure and a requirement for an ISO certification for Information Security for telecommunications investors.

“The amended law likewise protects consumer welfare by increasing the penalties for erring companies engaged in public services. It also provides protection for small operators in the transportation industry by retaining the 60/40 restriction for public utility vehicles such as tricycles and jeepneys,” FEF said.

Meanwhile, Kabataan Partylist Representative Sarah Elago maintained her opposition on Duterte’s liberal measures.

“Kabataan Partylist is one of the 43 members of the House of Representatives who voted NO to HB 78, amending the Public Service Act, and allowing 100% foreign ownership in power, transport, and communications sectors. 136 members voted YES and 1 abstained,” Elago tweeted. – Rappler.com

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